Occurrence and Control of Pomegranate Dry Rot Disease

Pomegranate dry rot is widely distributed. Except in Xinjiang, there are pomegranate production areas all over the country. This disease causes rotten fruit and dead branches, which causes significant losses to pomegranate production. First, the symptoms of this disease mainly harm the fruit, but also harm the flower, fruit Taiwan, branches, new shoots and so on. The petal victim part is browned, and the flower bud suffers. In the early stage, an oval dark brown pitted spot appears, and it is shiny. It can also cause lesions in the floral tube or at the end. The lesion gradually expands to a light brown, the tissue decays, and the lesions appear brown on later stages. The granules, ie the conidia of pathogenic bacteria, produce a light brown spot of bean size around the pods after sensation of the young pods, which then spreads around until the whole fruit rots. The fruit rarely falls off, and the water loss often turns brown. The disease causes fruit rot during storage. New shoots, brown spots after becoming brown on the surface, black spots on the surface (conidial organs); branches damaged, bark dark brown dry, dense black spots, diseased and healthy junctions often crack, sick skin tilted , resulting in stripping, sick branches weak, yellow leaves, lesions around the branches after the lap, the upper part soon withered. Second, the occurrence of regular pathogenic fungi mycelium or conidia in diseased fruit, fruit and diseased branches overwintering. Peeling rate was highest in peels and fruit pedicures, and diseased susceptibility was low. It is a source of initial infection. The germs mainly spread by wind, rain and insects. Pathogen invasion is mainly wounds, but it can also invade from natural orifices. Incidence season: From the beginning of the bud to the fruit before the harvest can be disease. It usually begins in mid-May to early June. The onset of the disease depends on the local conditions of temperature and humidity. In general, rain and high humidity are conducive to the occurrence of diseases. If pod pests cause a large number of wounds, the incidence is heavy. In general, fruits are susceptible to disease in the near-maturity and storage periods. Third, control measures 1. To strengthen the cultivation and management: 1 use disease-free seedlings, planted disease-resistant varieties. 2 emphasis on the Qingyuan, combined with the winter pruning to remove the diseased branches, disease, concentrated deep or burned. 3 to avoid tree injuries, wound coating protection. 4 scrape off the diseased skin on the branches, scrape with 40% of the albino arsenic 50 to 80 times, or 77% to kill 20 times, or 30% glass fertilizer copper acid suspension 20 times, or 10% double Elixir 10 times liquid, use a smear wound. 2. Chemical control: (1) Before germination, spray 3 to 5 degrees (Baumedu) of lime sulfur to the tree body and ground to kill the source of overwintering bacteria and reduce the initial infection. 2 At the beginning of the disease, about 4% of agricultural antimycotic 120 water agent 400 times, or 2% of kasugamycin wettable powder 400 times, or 10% of polyoxydable wettable powder 1000 ~ 1200 about mid-May. Double fluid. The above appointment with a 7 to 10 days spray 1, can be sprayed 2 to 3 times. 3 Control of fruit tree pests to reduce wounds, pods and other pests can be sprayed 50% phoxim emulsion 1000 times, or BT emulsion (containing 10 billion spores) 1000 times. 3 fruit bagging: just set fruit can be bagged, control efficiency up to 80% or more, and can cure other fruit diseases and fruit pests.

Reishi Mushroom

 

Reishi Mushroom, also known as Ganoderma or Lingzhi, is a polypore mushroom that grows on wood in dark and moist environment. It usually consist of a rounded and soft mushroom cap and a long stem. The Ganoderma genus includes about 80 species. Among them, Ganoderma Lucidum, or red Reishi, is the most studied and used species.

 

Ganoderma and its extensive use has been documented in many traditional Chinese medical literature for more than a thousand years due to the health benefits it has. In ancient China, because wild Ganoderma was very difficult to find, it was only served to the emperors. Therefore, it was also called [The Magic Herb". Nowadays, thanks to the development of modern cultivation and processing techniques, Ganoderma has become more available and more affordable to people. Many scientific researches have also been done on the potential health benefits of Reishi Mushroom.

Reishi Mushroom

Studies have shown that Reishi Mushroom has multiple health benefits. It is effective in enhancing overall immunity, protecting the liver, and improving sleep quality. The main two active compounds are called Ganoderma polysaccharides and triterpenes. Ganoderma polysaccharides can activate human`s immune system, increasing the activity and number of immune cells. Triterpenes, on the other hand, can fight directly against pathogens and abnormal cells such as tumor cells. Therefore, Reishi Mushrooms is also good for assisting cancer treatment.



whole reishi mushroom

Most people may think that wild Reishi Mushrooms are better than cultivated ones while in fact that is not the case. Since Reishi Mushrooms are a type of fungi, they acquire their food by absorbing dissolved molecules. Therefore, they are very likely to absorb pollutants into their tissues, including heavy metals such as mercury. That is also why many countries use mushrooms to clean up waterways and soil. However, since it is impossible to control and screen the source of every mushroom we collect, wild Reishi Mushrooms are very likely to have contaminants inside. Also, Reishi Mushrooms use their spores to spread and reproduce. As it reaches maturation phase, the spores will shoot out from tiny tubes underneath the cap. The spore powder is also where most of the nutrients of Reishi Mushroom are stored. In the wild, we cannot keep monitoring every growth stage of Reishi Mushroom, so most of the time the Reishi Mushrooms we collect do not have much spores left, which means they have much less nutritious value. Besides, there are other factors that may affect the quality of Reishi Mushrooms such as sunlight, humidity, parasites etc. GANOHERB on the other hand, has been focusing on growing Reishi Mushroom for 29 years. It has multiple self-built Ganoderma farms and therefore is able to control and monitor every step that may affect the quality of Reishi Mushroom, delivering the Reishi Mushroom with highest quality and safety. We strictly controls every single step of the cultivation process to ensure each step is ideal for the growth of Reishi Mushroom. GanoHerb has acquired 4 organic certifications from the EU, the US, Japan, and China. Our goal is to let the world share the traditional Chinese treasure.



Reishi Mushroom

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